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论文：Reactive oxygen species and antimicrobial peptides are sequentially produced in silkworm midgut in response to bacterial infection，Rui-Juan Wang, Kangkang Chen, Long-Sheng Xing, Zhe Lin, Zhen Zou, Zhiqiang Lu, Developmental and Comparative Immunology，110(2020)103720.
摘要：The silkworm, Bombyx mori, is utilized as a research model in many aspects of biological studies, including genetics, development and immunology. Previous biochemical and genomic studies have elucidated the silkworm immunity in response to infections elicited by bacteria, fungi, microsporidia, and viruses. The intestine serves as the front line in the battle between insects and ingested harmful microorganisms. In this study, we performed RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) of the larval silkworm midgut after oral infection with the Gram-positive bacterium Bacillus bombysepticus and the Gram-negative bacterium Yersinia pseudotuberculosis. This enables us to get a comprehensive understanding of the midgut responses to bacterial infection. We found that B. bombysepticus induced much stronger immune responses than Y. pseudotuberculosis did. Bacterial infection resulted in more energy consumption including carbohydrates and fatty acids. The midgut immune system was characterized by the generation of reactive oxygen species and antimicrobial peptides. The former played a critical role in eliminating invading bacteria during early stage, while the latter executed during late stage. Our results provide an integrated insight into the midgut systematic responses to bacterial infection.