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论文信息：Synthesis and Biological Activity of Novel Pyrazol-5-yl-benzamide Derivatives as Potential Succinate Dehydrogenase Inhibitors，Wei Wang, Jianhua Wang, Furan Wu, Huan Zhou, Dan Xu,* and Gong Xu*，Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry，2021， https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jafc.0c08094
论文摘要：To promote the discovery and development of new fungicides, a series of novel pyrazol-5-yl-benzamide derivatives were designed, synthesized by hopping and inversion of amide groups of pyrazole-4-carboxamides, and evaluated for their antifungal activities. The bioassay data revealed that compound 5IIc exhibited an excellent in vitro activity against Sclerotinia sclerotiorum with an EC50 value of 0.20 mg/L, close to that of commercial fungicide Fluxapyroxad (EC50 = 0.12 mg/L) and Boscalid (EC50 = 0.11mg/L). For Valsa mali, compound 5IIc (EC50 = 3.68 mg/L) showed a significantly higher activity than Fluxapyroxad (EC50 = 12.67mg/L) and Boscalid (EC50 = 14.83 mg/L). In addition, in vivo experiments proved that compound 5IIc has an excellent protective fungicidal activity with an inhibitory rate of 97.1% against S. sclerotiorum at 50 mg/L, while the positive control Fluxapyroxad showed a 98.6% inhibitory effect. The molecular docking simulation revealed that compound 5IIc interact with TRP173, SER39,and ARG43 of succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) through a hydrogen bond and p−π interaction, which could explain the probable mechanism of the action between compound 5IIc and target protein. Also, the SDH enzymatic inhibition assay was carried out to further validate its mode of action. These results demonstrate that compound 5IIc could be a promising fungicide candidate and provide a valuable reference for further investigation.