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论文信息：Kaixiang Chao, Wenwen Su, Lei Wu, Bei Su, Qiang Li, † Baotong Wang, † and Dongfang Ma . Molecular Mapping of a Recessive Powdery Mildew Resistance Gene in Wheat Cultivar Tian Xuan 45 Using Bulked Segregant Analysis with Polymorphic Single Nucleotide Polymorphism Relative Ratio Distribution. Phytopathology ,2019 ,109:828-838 https://doi.org/10.1094/PHYTO-03-18-0092-R.
论文摘要：Powdery mildew is a destructive foliar disease of wheat worldwide. Wheat cultivar Tian Xuan 45 exhibits resistance to the highly virulent isolate HY5. Genetic analysis of the F 2 and F 2:3 populations of a cultivar Ming Xian 169/Tian Xuan 45 cross revealed that the resistance to HY5 was controlled by a single recessive gene, temporarily designated as PmTx45. A Manhattan plot with the relative frequency distribution of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) was used to rapidly narrow down the possible chromosomal regions of the associated genes. This microarray-based bulked segregant analysis (BSA) largely improved traditional analytical methods. PmTx45 was located in chromosomal bin 4BL5-0.86-1.00 and was flanked by SNP marker AX-110673642 and intron length polymorphism (ILP) marker ILP-4B01G269900 with genetic distances of 3.0 and 2.6 cM, respectively. Molecular detection in a panel of wheat cultivars using the markers linked to PmTx45 showed that the presence of PmTx45 in commercial wheat cultivars was rare. Resistance spectrum and chromosomal position analyses indicated that PmTx45 may be a novel recessive gene with moderate powdery mildew resistance. This new microarray-based BSA method is feasible and effective and has the potential application for mapping genes in wheat in marker-assisted breeding.