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Bacterial diversity of bacteriomes and organs of reproductive, digestive and excretory systems in two cicada species (Hemiptera:Cicadidae)

作者:   来源:   发布日期:2017-09-28  浏览次数:

  论文信息:ZhengZ,WangD,HeH,WeiC(2017) Bacterial diversity of bacteriomes and organs of reproductive, digestive and excretory systems in two cicada species (Hemiptera:Cicadidae). PLoS ONE 12(4):e0175903. https://doi.org/10.1371/ journal.pone.0175903

  中科院三区,IF=2.806

  论文摘要:Cicadas form intimate symbioses with bacteria to obtain nutrients that are scarce in the xylem fluid they feed on. The obligate symbionts in cicadas are purportedly confined to spe- cialized bacteriomes, but knowledge of bacterial communities associated with cicadas is limited. Bacterial communities in the bacteriomes and organs of reproductive, digestive and excretory systems of two cicada species (Platypleura kaempferi and Meimuna mongolica) were investigated using different methods, and the bacterial diversity and distribution pat- terns of dominant bacteria in different tissues were compared. Within each species, the bacterial communities of testes are significantly different from those of bacteriomes and ova- ries. The dominant endosymbiont Candidatus Sulcia muelleri is found not only in the bacter- iomes and reproductive organs, but also in the “filter chamber + conical segment” of both species. The transmission mode of this endosymbiont in the alimentary canal and its effect on physiological processes merits further study. A novel bacterium of Rhizobiales, showing ~80% similarity to Candidatus Hodgkinia cicadicola, is dominant in the bacteriomes and ovaries of P. kaempferi. Given that the genome of H. cicadicola exhibits rapid sequence evolution, it is possible that this novel bacterium is a related endosymbiont with beneficial trophic functions similar to that of H. cicadicola in some other cicadas. Failure to detect H. cicadicola in M. mongolica suggests that it has been subsequently replaced by another bac- terium, a yeast or gut microbiota which compensates for the loss of H. cicadicola. The distri- bution of this novel Rhizobiales species in other cicadas and its identification require further investigation to help establish the definition of the bacterial genus Candidatus Hodgkinia and to provide more information on sequence divergence of related endosymbionts of cica- das. Our results highlight the complex bacterial communities of cicadas, and are informative for further studies of the interactions and co-evolution of insect-microbial symbioses in Cicadoidea.

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