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论文信息：Yong Wang, Yang Sun, LiRong Han, Xing Zhang, Juntao Feng. Potential use of cuminic acid as a botanical fungicide against Valsa mali. Microbial Pathogenesis(2016) doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.micpath.2017.01.006
论文摘要：Valsa canker caused by Valsa mali is commonly present in eastern Asia and cause large economic losses. Because of limited agricultural measures and chemical residues of commonly used fungicides there is an urgent need of alternative plant protecting agents. On this background the activity of cuminic acid, a plant extract from the seed of Cuminum cyminum L, was assessed. The median effective concentration (EC50) values for inhibition of mycelial growth of seven V. mali strains ranged from 3.046 to 8.342 μg/mL, with an average EC50 value of 4.956 ± 0.281 μg/mL. The antifungal activity was the direct activity of cuminic acid instead of the influence on the pH of media by cuminic acid. After treated with cuminic acid, mycelia dissolved with decreased branches and swelling; cell membrane permeability increased while pectinases activity decreased significantly. Moreover, peroxidase (POD) activity of the apple leaves increased after treated with cuminic acid. Importantly, on detached branches of apple tree, cuminic acid exhibited both protective and curative activity. These results indicated that cuminic acid not only showed the antifungal activity, but also could improve the defense capacity of the plants. Taken together, cuminic acid showed the potential as a natural alternative to commercial fungicides or a lead compound to develop new fungicides for the control of Valsa canker.